Calculator
The Calculator step provides you with predefined functions that you can execute on input field values. This Calculator step is an easy and quick alternative to custom JavaScript commonly used for calculations.
To use, specify the input fields and type of function to perform and return results. You can also specify a field to remove from the result (output) after all values are calculated, which is useful for removing temporary values.
General
Enter the following information in the transformation step field:
 Step Name: Specify the unique name of the Calculator step on the canvas. You can customize the name or leave it as the default.
Options
Fill in the following fields in the table. Entries in Fields A, B, and/or C are used by the selected calculator function in the Calculation field.
Column  Description 

New field  Specify the name of the field. 
Calculation  When you click or press in this field, the Select the calculation type dialog box appears. Enter the calculator function to use in the transformation. A description of each function is in the Calculator Functions List. Use the Filter field to search for a specific function. 
Field A, B, and C  Enter the value(s) for executing the specified calculator function in the Calculation field. 
Value type  Select the field's data type from the dropdown list or enter it manually. 
Length 
Specify the length of the field, according to the following field types:

Precision  Specify the number of floating point digits for numbertype fields. 
Remove  Remove this field from the result (output) after all values are calculated. This field is useful for removing temporary values. Select 'N(o)' or 'Y(es)'. 
Conversion mask  Specify a format for the field, such as a date format. See Common Formats for information on common valid date formats you can use in this step. 
Decimal symbol  Specify the symbol used to represent a decimal point, either a dot '.' or a comma ','. For example, 5,000.00 or 5.000,00. 
Grouping symbol  Specify the method used to separate units of thousands in numbers of four digits or larger, either a dot '.' or a comma ','. For example, 5,000 or 5.000. 
Currency symbol  Specify the symbol used to represent currencies, for example, '$' or '€'. 
The Calculator Step also allows you to indicate if you want errors displayed for the following condition:
 Select the Throw an error on non existing files check box if you want the transformation to generate an error when there are no files to process.
Calculator Functions List
Use the following table to learn about each calculator function available in the Calculator step:
Function  Description  Required fields 

Set field to constant value A  Creates a field with a constant value.  A 
Create a copy of field A  Creates a copy of a field with the given field value.  A 
A + B  A plus B.  A and B 
A  B  A minus B.  A and B 
A * B  A multiplied by B.  A and B 
A / B  A divided by B.  A and B 
A * A  The square of A.  A 
SQRT( A )  The square root of A.  A 
100 * A / B  The percentage of A in B.  A and B 
A  ( A * B / 100 )  Subtracts B % of A.  A and B 
A + ( A * B / 100 )  Adds B % to A.  A and B 
A + B *C  Adds A and B times C.  A, B, and C 
SQRT ( A*A + B*B )  Calculates (A2 + B2).  A and B 
ROUND ( A ) 
Returns the closest integer to the argument. The result is rounded to an integer by adding 1/2, taking the floor of the result, and casting the result to type 'int', such that the result is equal to the value of the expression: floor (a + 0.5). In case you need the rounding method "Round half to even", use the following method ROUND( A, B ) with no decimals (B=0). 
A 
ROUND ( A, B ) 
Rounds A to the nearest positive infinity number. This rounding method is known as "Round half to ceiling." Note: The rounding method prior to Pentaho version 6.0 was the "Round half to even" method. If you prefer to use this rounding method, See Rounding method for the Round (A, B) function. 
A and B 
STDROUND( A )  Rounds A to the nearest integer. The used rounding method is "Round half away from zero." It is also called standard or common rounding, or German mercantile rounding.  A 
STDROUND( A, B )  Same rounding method used as in STDROUND (A) but with B decimals.  A and B 
CEIL( A )  The ceiling function maps a number to the smallest following integer.  A 
FLOOR( A )  The floor function maps a number to the largest previous integer.  A 
NVL( A, B )  If A is not NULL, returns A, else B. Note that sometimes your variable will not be null, but an empty string.  A and B 
Date A + B Days 
Adds B days to Date field A. Only integer values for B are supported. If you need noninteger calculations, please add a second calculation with hours. 
A and B 
Year of date A  Calculates the year of date A.  A 
Month of date A  Calculates the month of date A.  A 
Day of year of date A  Calculates the day of year (1365). 
A 
Day of month of date A  Calculates the day of month (131).  A 
Day of week of date A  Calculates the day of the week (17).  A 
Week of year of date A  Calculates the week of year (154).  A 
ISO8601 Week of year of date A  Calculates the week of the year ISO8601 style.  A 
ISO8601 Year of date A  Calculates the year ISO8601 style.  A 
Byte to hex encode of string A  Encodes bytes in a string to a hexadecimal representation.  A 
Hex to byte decode of string A 
Decodes bytes in a string from its hexadecimal representation (add a leading 0 when A is of odd length). 
A 
Char to hex encode of string A  Encodes characters in a string to a hexadecimal representation.  A 
Hex to char decode of string A  Decodes a string from its hexadecimal representation (add a leading 0 when A is of odd length).  A 
Checksum of a file A using CRC32 
Calculates the checksum of a file using CRC32. This function is ignored by Spark when you run the PDI transformation on the Spark engine. 
A 
Checksum of a file A using Adler32 
Calculates the checksum of a file using Adler32. This function is ignored by Spark when you run the PDI transformation on the Spark engine. 
A 
Checksum of a file A using MD5 
Calculates the checksum of a file using MD5. This function is ignored by Spark when you run the PDI transformation on the Spark engine. 
A 
Checksum of a file A using SHA1 
Calculates the checksum of a file using SHA1. This function is ignored by Spark when you run the PDI transformation on the Spark engine. 
A 
Levenshtein Distance (source A and target B)  Calculates the Levenshtein Distance.  A and B 
Metaphone of A (phonetics)  Calculates the Metaphone of A.  A 
Double metaphone of A (phonetics)  Calculates the Double Metaphone of A.  A 
Absolute value ABS ( A )  Calculates the absolute value of A.  A 
Remove time from a date A 
Removes time value of A. Daylight Savings Time (DST) changes in Sao Paulo and some other parts of Brazil at midnight 0:00. This practice makes it impossible to set the time to 0:00 at the specific date, when the DST changes from 0:00 to 1:00 am. So there is one date in one year in these regions where this function will fail with an "IllegalArgumentException: HOUR_OF_DAY: 0 > 1" error. This issue does not occur in Europe, the US, and other regions where the time changes at 1:00 or 2:00 or 3:00 am. 
A 
Date A  Date B (in days)  Calculates difference, in days, between A date field and B date field.  A and B 
A + B + C  A plus B plus C.  A, B, and C 
First letter of each word of a string A in capital  Transforms the first letter of each word within a string.  A 
UpperCase of a string A  Transforms a string to uppercase.  A 
LowerCase of a string A  Transforms a string to lowercase.  A 
Mask XML content from string A  Escapes XML content; replaces characters with '& values'.  A 
Protect (CDATA) XML content from string A  Indicates an XML string is general character data, rather than noncharacter data or character data with a more specific, limited structure. The given string will be enclosed into <![CDATA[String]]>.  A 
Remove CR from a string A  Removes carriage returns from a string.  A 
Remove LF from a string A  Removes linefeeds from a string.  A 
Remove CRLF from a string A  Removes carriage returns/linefeeds from a string.  A 
Remove TAB from a string A  Removes tab characters from a string.  A 
Return only digits from string A  Outputs only digits (09) from a string from a string.  A 
Remove digits from string A  Removes all digits (09) from a string.  A 
Return the length of a string A  Returns the length of the string.  A 
Load file content in binary 
Loads the content of the given file (in field A) to a binary data type (e.g. pictures). This function is ignored by Spark when you run the PDI transformation on the Spark engine. 
A 
Add time B to date A  Add the time to a date, returns date and time as one value.  A and B 
Quarter of date A  Returns the quarter (1 to 4) of the date.  A 
variable substitution in string A  Substitutes variables within a string.  A 
Unescape XML content  Unescapes XML content from the string.  A 
Escape HTML content  Escapes HTML within the string.  A 
Unescape HTML content  Unescapes HTML within the string.  A 
Escape SQL content  Escapes the characters in a String to be suitable to pass to an SQL query.  A 
Date A  Date B (working days)  Calculates the difference between Date field A and Date field B (only working days MonFri).  A and B 
Date A + B Months 
Add B months to Date field A. Only integer values for B are supported. If you need noninteger calculations, please add a second calculation with days. 
A and B 
Check if an XML file A is well formed 
Validates XML file input. This function is ignored by Spark when you run the PDI transformation on the Spark engine. 
A 
Check if an XML string A is well formed  Validates XML string input.  A 
Get encoding of file A 
Provides a guess of the best encoding (UTF8) for the given file. This function is ignored by Spark when you run the PDI transformation on the Spark engine. 
A 
DamerauLevenshtein distance between String A and String B  Calculates the DamerauLevenshtein distance between strings.  A and B 
NeedlemanWunsch distance between String A and String B  Calculates the NeedlemanWunsch distance between strings.  A and B 
Jaro similitude between String A and String B  Calculates the Jaro similarity coefficient between two strings.  A and B 
JaroWinkler similitude between String A and String B  Calculates the JaroWinkler distance between two strings.  A and B 
SoundEx of String A  Encodes a string into a Soundex value.  A 
RefinedSoundEx of String A  Retrieves the Refined Soundex code for a given string object  A 
Date A + B Hours 
Adds B hours to Date field. Only integer values for B are supported. If you need noninteger calculations, please add a second calculation with minutes. 
A and B 
Date A + B Minutes 
Adds B minutes to Date field. Only integer values for B are supported. If you need noninteger calculations, please add a second calculation with seconds. 
A and B 
Date A  Date B (milliseconds)  Subtracts B milliseconds from Date field A  A and B 
Date A  Date B (seconds) 
Subtracts B seconds from Date field A. Only integer values for B are supported. If you need noninteger calculations, please add a second calculation with milliseconds. 
A and B 
Date A  Date B (minutes) 
Subtracts B minutes from Date field A. Only integer values for B are supported. If you need noninteger calculations, please add a second calculation with seconds. 
A and B 
Date A  Date B (hours) 
Subtracts B hours from Date field A. Only integer values for B are supported. If you need noninteger calculations, please add a second calculation with minutes. 
A and B 
Hour of Day of Date A  Extracts the hour part of the given date.  A 
Minute of Hour of Date A  Extracts the minute part of the given date.  A 
Second of Minute of Date A  Extracts the second part of a given date.  A 
ROUND_CUSTOM( A , B ) 
Rounds A using a specific type of rounding mode indicated by B (see list). B must be a number, and can be an integer or decimal value. If B is a decimal value, then it will convert to the floor value, such that '5.7' = 5 and '1.1' = 1. Rounding Modes:

A and B 
ROUND_CUSTOM( A , B , C ) 
Rounds B using a specific type of rounding mode indicated by C (see list). Calculates using the same conditions as the ROUND_CUSTOM( A , B ) function with the following exceptions:

A, B, and C 
Date A + B Seconds  Adds the number of milliseconds offset from the Epoch of A to the same of B, where A and B are dates.  A and B 
Remainder of A / B  Returns the remainder of dividing B into A. This remainder can be an integer or decimal value. For example, if A is '100' and B is '56', then the remainder is 44. If A is '2.5' and B is '2.3', then the remainder is 0.2.  A and B 
Troubleshooting the Calculator Step
The following are frequently asked questions about the Calculator step.
Length and Precision
Question: I made a transformation using the A/B function and it rounded incorrectly. I entered integers in Field A and Field B, but my result type was a number, so I would expect the integers to be converted to numbers before executing the division.
For example, when I execute '28/222', the result is '0.0' instead of '0.1261' which is expected behavior. It seems the result type is ignored. If I change the values in Field A and Field B to Numbers (6, 4) my result is 0.12612612612612611 which still ignores the result type (4 places after the comma).
Suggested Solution: Length & Precision are metadata pieces. We convert to the required metadata type when we result the data to a location, not during the transformation.
If you want to round to the specified precision, you should do this rounding in another step. However, rounding double point precision values is futile anyway. A floating point number is stored as an approximation, so 0.1261, your desired output, would probably be stored as 0.126099999999 or 0.1261000000001
This behavior is not true for the data type BigNumbers.
So the calculation is rounded using BigDecimals once the numbers are stored in the output table, but not during the transformation.
This behavior is also true for the Text File Output step. If you would have specified Integer as the result type, the internal number format would have been retained. When you press Get Fields, the required Integer type would be filled in. Then the required conversion would occur at this point.
Data Types
Question: How do the data types work internally?
Suggested Solution: You might notice that if you multiply an integer and a number, the result is always rounded. The Calculator step uses the data type of the value to the left side of the multiplication calculation, in this case the value in Field A, as the driver for the calculation.
If you want more precision, place the value in Field B on the left side of the calculation. Alternatively, change the data type of Field A to Number.
Rounding method for the Round (A, B) function
Starting in Pentaho 6.0, the Round (A, B) function rounds to the nearest positive infinity number. This rounding method is known as "Round half to ceiling." Prior to version 6, Round (A, B) used the "Round half to even" method, also called unbiased rounding, convergent rounding, statistician's rounding, German mathematician's rounding, Dutch rounding, Gaussian rounding, oddeven rounding, bankers' rounding or broken rounding. It is widely used in bookkeeping.
The "Round half to even" method is the default rounding mode used in IEEE 754 computing functions and operators.
Perform these steps to override the default "Round half to ceiling" method and use the "Round half to even" method.
 Stop the Pentaho Server.
 Open the kettle.properties file in a text editor. By default, the kettle.properties file is typically stored in your home directory or the .pentaho directory.
 Edit the file and add the following lines:
ROUND_2_MODE=ROUND_HALF_EVEN ROUND_2_MODE_BACKWRD_COMPATIBILITY_VALUE=ROUND_HALF_EVEN
 When complete, save and close the file
 Start the Pentaho Server.